In the Philippine society, the Bureau of Corrections has a significant duty to ensure that criminal offenders are reformatted and rehabilitated inside the walls of the seven prisons and penal farms that are dispersed throughout the nation.
What is Bureau of Corrections?
The Bureau of Corrections (Filipino: Kawanihan ng mga Bilangguan, literally “Bureau of Prisons”, which was the name of the agency from 1905 to 1989; abbreviated BuCor) is an agency of the Department of Justice which is charged with the custody and rehabilitation of national offenders, who have been sentenced to three years of imprisonment or more. The agency has its headquarters in the New Bilibid Prison Reservation in Muntinlupa.
BuCor’s functions include protecting prisoners convicted by the courts for three years and one day or more within prisons, preventing prisoners from committing additional crimes while in the bureau’s custody, providing inmates with basic necessities, ensuring that inmates are provided with rehabilitation programs that will benefit their development, and developing livelihood programs that will help inmates earn money and improve their skills.
Bureau of Corrections Ranks
- Corrections Director General (Undersecretary)
- Corrections Deputy Director General for Administration (Assistant Secretary)
- Corrections Deputy Director General for Security and Operations (Assistant Secretary)
- Corrections Deputy Director General for Reformation (Assistant Secretary)
- Corrections Chief Superintendent (Brig. General)
- Corrections Senior Superintendent (Colonel)
- Corrections Superintendent (Lieutenant Colonel)
- Corrections Chief Inspector (Major)
- Corrections Senior Inspector (Captain)
- Corrections Inspector (Lieutenant)
- Corrections Senior Officer 4
- Corrections Senior Officer 3
- Corrections Senior Officer 2
- Corrections Senior Officer 1
- Corrections Officer 3
- Corrections Officer 2
- Corrections Officer 1
BuCor Salary and Allowances
The Bureau of Corrections, as a government agency, provides competitive salaries and adequate benefits to its employees. That means that any current or prospective employee will be able to advance their careers in BuCor without having to worry about their pay not covering their daily expenses! A career at BuCor will also provide you with opportunities such as government career advancement and attractive retirement benefits.
For example, under the Republic Act 10575 or the Bureau of Corrections Act of 2013, a BuCor Corrections Officer 1 salary will be P29,668 per month, equivalent to Salary Grade (SG) 11.
BuCor officers receive longevity pay and other extra allowances on top of their monthly base pay as government employees. As part of the Salary Standardization Law, they also receive regular salary increases.
BuCor Ranks and Salary 2023
|RANK||SALARY GRADE||MONTHLY SALARY|
|Corrections Chief Superintendent||SG 27||Php 91,058|
|Corrections Senior Superintendent||SG 26||Php 80,583|
|Corrections Superintendent||SG 25||Php 71,313|
|Corrections Chief Inspector||SG 24||Php 62,555|
|Corrections Senior Inspector||SG 23||Php 56,582|
|Corrections Inspector||SG 22||Php 49,528|
|Corrections Senior Officer 4||SG 19||Php 38,360|
|Corrections Senior Officer 3||SG 18||Php 34,761|
|Corrections Senior Officer 2||SG 17||Php 34,079|
|Corrections Senior Officer 1||SG 16||Php 33,411|
|Corrections Officer 3||SG 14||Php 32,114|
|Corrections Officer 2||SG 12||Php 30,867|
|Corrections Officer 1||SG 11||Php 29,668|
How to join the BuCor?
What are the General Qualifications?
No person shall be appointed as uniformed personnel of the BuCor unless he/she possesses the following minimum qualifications:
- A Citizen of the Republic of the Philippines;
- A Person of good moral character;
- Must have passed the psychiatric/psychological, drug, and physical tests for the purpose of determining his/her physical and mental health;
- Must possess a baccalaureate degree from a recognized learning institution;
- Must possess the appropriate civil service eligibility;
- Must not have been dishonorably discharged of dismissal for cause from previous employment;
- Must not have been convicted by final judgment of an offense or crime involving moral turpitude; and
- Must be at least one meter and fifty-seven centimeters (1.57) m. in height for males, and one meter and fifty-two centimeters (1.52) m. for females: provided, that a waiver for height and age requirement/s may be granted to applicants belonging to the cultural communities
* The age limit for applicants for Corrections Officer I as per R. A. 10575 or “The Bureau of Corrections Act of 2013” is forty (40) years old. However, those above thirty-six (36) years of age will have to sign a waiver agreeing that they may not be able to qualify for the full retirement benefits afforded to a Uniformed Officer of BuCor.
Prior to the submission of application folders, applicants MUST HAVE the following:
- BIR Number
- PAG-IBIG Number
- PhilHealth Number
What are the Requirements for Submission?
- Corrections Officer Applicants: LONG WHITE FOLDER
- Non-Uniformed Personnel Applicants: LONG YELLOW FOLDER
FOLDER 1 (Tabbed)
- Letter of Intent
- Three (3) duly accomplished and notarized original copies of the Personal Data Sheet (PDS, CSC Form 212) with attached Work Experience Sheet
- Two (2) Authenticated Certificates of Eligibility with Original Receipt (OR)
- *For PRC eligibilities, a Certificate of Board Rating must be submitted
- One (1)authenticated copy of Transcript of Records (TOR)
- One (1)authenticated copy of School Certification/Diploma
- One (1) original PSA Birth Certificate with OR
- One (1) original PSA Marriage Certificate (if applicable)
- One (1) original PSA Birth Certificate of Child with OR (if applicable)
- One (1) original copy of valid NBI Clearance
- One (1) original copy of valid Local Police Clearance
- Two (2) latest IPCR ratings for former/active government employees
- NCIP or NCMF certification for applicants who do not meet the height requirement
FOLDER 2 (Tabbed)
- One (1) duly accomplished Personal Data Sheet (PDS, CSC Form 212)
- One (1) original copy of valid NBI Clearance
- One (1) Photocopy of Local Police Clearance
- One (1) original Barangay Clearance
- One (1) original RTC, MTC & Prosecution Clearance
- One (1)PSA Birth Certificate
- One (1) original PSA Marriage Certificate (if applicable)
- One (1) Authenticated copy of Certification/Diploma
- Original Certificate of Employment
- Passport (if any)
- Original & Notarized waiver to undergo B.I.
- Sketch of house/residence from landmarks
- 2 pcs. of latest 2×2 pictures
How to Apply
Interested and qualified applicants must submit all the necessary documents in any of the following units:
- BuCor National Headquarters’ Human Resource Division (Muntinlupa City)
- Correctional Institution for Women (Mandaluyong City)
- Iwahig Prison and Penal Farm (Puerto Princesa, Palawan)
- Leyte Regional Prison (Abuyog, Leyte)
- Davao Prison and Penal Farm (Panabo City, Davao del Norte)
- San Ramon Prison and Penal Farm (Zamboanga City)
- Sablayan Prison & Penal Farm ( Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro)
Corrections in the Philippines started during pre colonial times. It was however organized on individual community basis. It was only during the Spanish regime when an organized corrective service was made operational. WHEN THE AMERICANS TOOK OVER IN THE 1900s, THE BUREAU OF PRISONS WAS CREATED UNDER THE RE-ORGANIZATION ACT OF 1905 (Act No. 1407 dated November 1, 1905) The main penitentiary was the Old Bilibid prison in Oroquieta Street, Manila, which was established in 1847 pursuant to Section 1708 of the Revised Administrative Code. It was formally opened by a Royal Decree in 1865. About four years later or on August 21, 1869, the San Ramon prison and penal farm in Zamboanga City was established to confine Muslim rebels and recalcitrant political prisoners opposed to the Spanish rule. The facility, which faces Jolo sea, has the Spanish-inspired dormitories and originally set on a 1,414 hectares sprawling estate. When the Americans took over in the 1900s, the Bureau of Prisons was created under the Reorganization Act of 1905 (Act No. 1407 dated November 1, 1905) as an agency under the Department of Commerce and Police. It also paved the way for the re-establishment of San Ramon Prison in 1907 which was destroyed during the Spanish-American War. On January 1, 1915, the San Ramon Prison was placed under the auspices of the Bureau of Prisons and started receiving prisoners from Mindanao. Produce were transported through rail tracks, a mode which the Americans introduced to prison. Prisoners had to contend with dilapidated facilities within the cramped area. Before the reconstruction of San Ramon Prison, the Americans established in 1904, the Iuhit penal settlement (now Iwahig Prison and Penal Farm) on a vast reservation of 28,072 hectares. It would reach an aggregate total land area of 40,000 hectares in the late 1950s. It was located on the westernmost part of the archipelago and far from the maintown to confine incorrigibles who the government had found little hope of rehabilitation. The area was expanded to 41,007 hectares by virtue of Executive Order No. 67 issued by Governor Newton Gilbert on October 15, 1912. Other penal colonies were established during the American regime. On November 27, 1929, the Correctional Institution for Women (CIW) was created under Act No. 3579 while Davao Penal Colony in Sourther Mindanao was opened in 1932 under Act No. 3732. The CIW was fo7unded to provide separate facilities for women offenders and to cater to their gender difference. To date, it is the lone women’s prison in the country. Owing to the increasing number of committals to the Old Bilibid Prison in Manila, the New Bilibid Prison was established in 1935 in a southern suburb of Muntinlupa, Rizal. The old prison was transformed into a receiving center and as a storage facility for farm produce coming from the colonies. It is presently abandoned and under the jurisdiction of the Public Estates Authority. Prisoners have to build their basic housing areas using materials available in the prison reservation. After the American regime, two more penal institutions were established. These were Sablayan Prison and penal farm in Occidental Mindoro under Proclamation No. 72 issued on September 26, 1954 and Leyte Regional Prison under Proclamation No. 1101 issued on January 16, 1973. The Bureau of Prisons was renamed Bureau of Corrections under the New Administrative Code of 1987 issued on November 23, 1987 and Proclamation no. 495 of the President. It is one of the attached agencies under the supervision and control of the Department of Justice.
Source: DIGIDO Philippines