What Is DILG? A Comprehensive Overview To the Department of Interior and Local Government

What Is DILG? A Comprehensive Overview To the Department of Interior and Local Government


What is DILG

The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) is a government department in the Philippines.

DILG has been around since the Philippine Revolution in 1897.

The DILG is responsible for keeping peace, ensuring public safety, and supporting local governments.

Understanding how the DILG works can be difficult.

This guide will help you understand the history, functions, and current leadership of the the department.


The department’s history dates back to the Tejeros Convention of 1897 when it was established as the Department of the Interior within the revolutionary Philippine government. 

Over the years, its functions evolved to include supervision over local units, forest conservation, public instruction, police control, and community development.

During World War II and subsequent political changes, the department faced periods of dissolution and reestablishment. 

However, it was finally reinstated in 1972 as the Department of Local Government and Community Development (DLGCD), later renamed the Ministry of Local Government and eventually the Department of Local Government (DLG).

In 1990, Republic Act 6975 merged various agencies under the DILG’s umbrella, including the Philippine National Police, Bureau of Fire Protection, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology, and the Philippine Public Safety College, among others. 

This union aimed to strengthen cooperation between local governments and law enforcement after decades of separation.

Roles and Responsibilities of DILG

The Department of the Interior and Local Government in the Philippines is responsible for promoting peace and order, ensuring public safety, and strengthening the capability of local government units to effectively deliver basic services to the citizenry. 

The DILG is headed by the Secretary of the Interior and Local Government, who is nominated by the President of the Philippines and confirmed by the Commission on Appointments.

The Department of Interior and Local Government has several powers and functions, including but not limited to:

  • Assisting the President in exercising general supervision over local governments.
  • Advising the President on the issuance of policies, rules, regulations, and other documents relating to general supervision over local governments and on public order and safety.
  • Establishing and prescribing rules, regulations, and other issues for the efficient and effective administration of local governments.
  • Providing technical assistance, financial grants, and other forms of aid to local government units.
  • Ensuring that local government units are accountable to the people they serve

Career Opportunities at DILG

The Department of the Interior and Local Government in the Philippines offers diverse and rewarding career opportunities for individuals interested in public service and local governance. 

As a key government agency, DILG provides a platform for professionals to contribute to the nation’s development by promoting good governance, ensuring public safety, and strengthening local government units. 

Career paths within the department encompass a wide range of roles, including local government officers, planners, disaster management specialists, legal experts, and law enforcement personnel. 

These roles offer the chance to make a positive impact on communities, support the rule of law, and work on initiatives that enhance the quality of life for Filipinos across the nation. 

The department values dedication, integrity, and a commitment to public service, making it an attractive career choice for those seeking to serve their country and communities.

Attached agencies

The following are attached to the Department of Interior and Local Government:

  • Bureau of Fire Protection
  • Bureau of Jail Management and Penology
  • Local Government Academy 
  • National Commission on Muslim Filipinos
  • National Police Commission
  • National Youth Commission
  • Philippine Commission on Women
  • Philippine National Police
  • Philippine Public Safety College

Challenges Faced by DILG

The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) in the Philippines encounters several challenges in its mission to promote effective governance and ensure public safety. 

Some of the key challenges include ensuring consistent compliance with laws and regulations among local government units (LGUs), addressing corruption and mismanagement at the local level, and managing conflicts and disputes within LGUs. 

Additionally, disaster management and response pose significant challenges, particularly in a country prone to natural disasters. Balancing the allocation of resources and services among LGUs, especially in remote and economically disadvantaged areas, remains an ongoing challenge. 

Furthermore, promoting transparency and citizen participation in local governance while also addressing cybersecurity threats and digital divides is a complex task. 

Overcoming these challenges requires a concerted effort, strong leadership, and effective coordination between the national and local levels of government.


The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) stands as a pivotal force in shaping the governance landscape of the Philippines.

From its historic origins to its current role under Secretary Benjamin Abalos Jr., DILG plays a crucial part in ensuring peace, public safety, and effective local governance.

Aspiring to be a part of this dynamic department is both a commendable and challenging endeavor.

Helpful Tips for Jobseekers:

  1. Understand the Mission: Before applying, delve into DILG’s mission and objectives. Tailor your application to showcase how your skills align with their commitment to promoting peace, order, and efficient local governance.
  2. Highlight Relevant Experience: Emphasize experiences that demonstrate your ability to contribute to DILG’s goals. Whether it’s in public safety, local governance, or collaborative initiatives, make your resume reflect your potential impact.
  3. Stay Informed: Keep abreast of recent news and initiatives involving DILG. Understanding current challenges and projects will not only impress during interviews but also show your genuine interest in the department’s work.
  4. Showcase Leadership Skills: DILG values leaders who can drive positive change. Highlight instances where you’ve demonstrated leadership, problem-solving, and collaboration—qualities integral to the department’s success.
  5. Network Strategically: Connect with professionals in the field through platforms like LinkedIn. Attend relevant events and conferences to broaden your network. Personal connections can often open doors in government positions.
  6. Prepare for Civil Service Exams: Many positions in government, including those in DILG, may require passing civil service exams. Be prepared by reviewing relevant materials and understanding the exam format.
  7. Emphasize Adaptability: Government work can be dynamic. Showcase your adaptability and ability to work under changing circumstances. Flexibility is key in contributing effectively to DILG’s multifaceted responsibilities.

Remember, joining DILG is not just a job—it’s a commitment to serving the community and contributing to the nation’s development.

Best of luck in your journey toward becoming a valuable part of the Department of the Interior and Local Government!

Was this article helpful?