What is LTFRB? A Comprehensive Overview to the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board

Gov 6 1

Updated:

The Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB), a vital government agency of the Republic of the Philippines.

under the Department of Transportation (DOTr), plays a crucial role in shaping and regulating the nation’s land transportation system. 

Established on June 19, 1987, during the administration of former President Corazon Aquino, the Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board has been a cornerstone in overseeing and managing the franchising and regulation of various land transport services across the country. 

This governmental body, known by its abbreviation LTFRB, holds a mandate to ensure the efficiency, safety, and reliability of land transportation services, contributing significantly to the nation’s transportation infrastructure. 

Now, let’s explore further into the structure and responsibilities of the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board.

Scroll down to discover exciting career possibilities and gain a better understanding of how LTFRB shapes land transportation in the Philippines.

Job Opportunities:

Explore a variety of job opportunities within the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB), encompassing diverse roles and positions.

Find the newest job openings below or explore additional career possibilities within various government agencies.

Note: Click on the job title to access detailed job descriptions and instructions on the application process.

History of the LTFRB:

A brief look at the historical development of the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, tracing its transformative journey and crucial role in the nation’s economic and transportation landscape.

The LTFRB is entrusted with the responsibility of promulgating, administering, enforcing, and monitoring compliance with policies, laws, and regulations related to public land transportation services. 

The agency plays a pivotal role in granting franchises or accreditations and regulating a wide spectrum of public vehicles, including Public Utility Buses (PUBs), Mini-buses, Public Utility Jeepneys (PUJs), Utility Vehicle (UV) Express Services, Filcab service, school services, taxies, Transportation Network Vehicle Services (TNVS), and Tourist Transport Services.

The regulatory oversight of land transportation in the Philippines traces its roots back to the early 1900s.

The formation of the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board is a result of a series of significant transformations, with its evolutionary progression unfolding as follows:

Coastwise Rate Commission (1902):

The inaugural version of the Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board was established on November 17, 1902, under Act No. 520. This commission held the responsibility of classifying vessels, merchandise, and passengers related to transportation within the coastwise trade. 

It also set the maximum rates for vessels, merchandise, and individuals moving across the country.

Board of Public Utility Commissioners (1913-1914):

On December 19, 1913, Act No. 1507 led to the creation of the Supervising Railway Expert. Subsequently, the Board of Rate Regulation was formed the following year. 

Eventually, these entities merged to form the Board of Public Utility Commissioners.

Modeled after the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities, this board extended its regulatory reach to include utilities such as electricity and water, in addition to overseeing land and coastal transportation.

Public Service Commission (1926):

With the enactment of the Public Service Act in 1926, the Board was succeeded by the Public Service Commission. 

The commission gained jurisdiction over various forms of public utility and services, encompassing any person for hire, mode of transport, or other entities falling within the Act’s specified categories.

Specialized Regulatory Boards (September 1972):

President Ferdinand Marcos implemented the Integrated Reorganization Plan through Presidential Decree No. 1 in September 1972. 

As a result, the Public Service Commission was dissolved, and its responsibilities were dispersed among multiple specialized regulatory boards, each concentrating on a specific aspect of the PSC’s regulatory function.

Land Transportation Commission (1964-1979):

Established in 1964, the Land Transportation Commission underwent a renaming in 1979 under President Ferdinand Marcos, becoming the Bureau of Land Transportation. 

In 1985, it merged with the Board of Transportation as part of the Integrated Reorganization Plan. The collaboration between the Bureau and the Board involved the enforcement of regulations established by the latter.

The Land Transportation Commission, from its inception, held responsibilities such as classifying, registering, and regulating all forms of land-based vehicles. Additionally, it played a role in issuing licenses and enforcing traffic rules.

In 1987, President Corazon Aquino 

instigated significant alterations in the transportation regulatory framework, marked by:

  1. Abolition of Land Transportation Commission (LTC):

Under these reforms, President Aquino eliminated the Land Transportation Commission (LTC) to streamline and improve regulatory efficiency.

  1. Establishment of Two Successor Offices:

Instead of the LTC, two new offices were instituted, each assigned specific functions:

  1. Land Transportation Office (LTO):

 The LTO absorbed the responsibilities formerly held by the Bureau of Land Transportation.

  1. Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB):

The LTFRB assumed the functions previously overseen by the Board of Transportation.

Organizational Structure:

Office of the Chairman and Board Members:

The Office of the Chairman, along with its board members, possesses the capability to execute powers and functions as mandated in Executive Order 202 and the Public Service Act. 

The Board is empowered with the following:

1. Prescribing and regulating routes, capacities, and areas of operation for public land transportation services via motorized vehicles, aligned with approved development plans.

2. Issuing, amending, revising, suspending, or canceling Certificates of Public Convenience or permits for operating public land transportation services.

3. Determining, prescribing, approving, and periodically reviewing and adjusting reasonable fares, rates, and related charges for public land transportation services.

4. Issuing preliminary or permanent injunctions, along with jurisdiction over relevant cases, applying pertinent provisions of the Rules of Court.

5. Punishing contempt of the Board, both direct and indirect, in accordance with applicable provisions of the Rules of Court.

6. Issuing subpoenas, summoning witnesses, and conducting investigations and hearings for violations of public service laws on land transportation.

7. Reviewing decisions/actions of the Regional Franchising and Regulatory Office created herein.

8. Promulgating rules and regulations governing proceedings, with exceptions in certain paragraphs, prioritizing due process.

9. Fixing, imposing, collecting, and periodically reviewing and adjusting reasonable fees and charges for services rendered.

10. Formulating, administering, implementing, and enforcing rules and regulations on land transportation public utilities, standards, and operating procedures.

11. Coordinating and cooperating with other government agencies for the improvement of public land transportation services.

12. Performing additional functions and duties as provided by law or necessary for the objectives of Executive Order 202.

LTFRB Organizational Roles and Key Officials:

1. Office of the Executive Director:

The Office of the Executive Director supports the Chairman and Board Members in executing and implementing all laws and policies related to the regulation of land transportation public utilities. 

They offer advisory services for the efficient administration of personnel and resources within the LTFRB.

2. Key Officials (As of December 19, 2022):

  •    Chairman: Atty. Teofilo E. Guadiz III, CESO V
  • Board Members:
    •       Engr. Riza Marie T. Paches, EnP, MNSA
    •       Atty. Mercy Jane P. Leynes, LLM
  •    Executive Director: Atty. Robert D. Peig, CESO V

Organizational Divisions:

Discover the essential teams that make up the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board.

These divisions have unique roles, all working together to regulate and manage land transportation services. 

Dive into the functions of each division to grasp how they contribute to the smooth operation of transportation regulations.

  1. Administrative Division:
  •    Personal Management and Development
  •    General Services and Other Auxiliary Services
  •    Equipment and Supplies Management
  •    Administrative Records Management
  •    Receipt Custody Collection and Disbursement of Funds
  •    Automotive and Mechanical Services
  1. Financial and Management Division:
  •    Budget and Financial Management
  •    Accounting Services
  •    Audit Services
  1. Technical Division:
  •    Development of Financial and Economic Standards for Franchise Application
  •    Assessment of Fees, Services, and Charges
  •    Issuance of Special Permit
  •    Receipt, Evaluation, and Processing of All Franchise Applications/Petitions
  •    Enforcement Relative to Franchise Applications
  •    Supervision of Periodical Inspection of Units, Terminals, and Garages
  1. Information Systems Management Division:
  •    Records Management
  •    Computer Services
  •    Confirmation Services
  •    Planning Development
  •    Data Gathering and Reporting Services
  •    Issuance of Diploma Type CPC and Sticker Services
  1. Legal Division:
  •    Hearing of Application Cases
  •    Legal Researchers
  •    Administrative Legal Researches
  •    Adjudication and Litigation of Violations
  1. Regional Franchising and Regulatory Offices:
  • Implement Approved Policies, Plans, and Programs, Rules and Regulations of the Board at the Regional Level
  •  Hear and Decide Uncontested Applications/Petitions for Routes within Their Respective Region
  • Coordinate and Cooperate with Government Agencies and Entities Concerned with Any Aspect Involving Land Transportation within the Region
  • Perform Other Related Functions

Organization Chart:

Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board
What is LTFRB? A Comprehensive Overview to the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board 4

Initiatives and Projects: Fare Rates:

The Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board holds the responsibility of overseeing fare rates for public vehicles.

In a significant initiative in 2003, the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board implemented fare discounts for specific groups, including senior citizens, persons with disabilities (PWD), and students. 

This discount, amounting to 20% of the regular fare, was established through a memorandum prioritizing the needs of these individuals. 

The move aimed to provide essential support and acknowledgment of the unique requirements of these passenger groups.

Anti-Colorum Campaign: Regulating Public Utility Vehicles

The term “colorum” found its official usage in 1973 when then-president Ferdinand Marcos issued Presidential Decree No. 101. This decree redefined public utility vehicles and specified the proper manner of their operation.

The prohibition against colorum activities was later formalized by the Department of Transportation and Communications under Joint Administrative Order No. 2014–01 in 1992. 

This order outlined the violations associated with franchise connections, particularly penalizing motor vehicles operating without proper authority from the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board. 

Colorum operations encompass various circumstances, including private motor vehicles masquerading as public utility vehicles (PUVs) without Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board authorization, PUVs deviating from approved routes without prior permits, and those operating differently from their authorized denomination.

The Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, aiming to uphold fair competition and government regulations, actively combats colorum practices. 

The board is empowered to arrest drivers of colorum vehicles, seize their vehicles, and shut down the operations of unauthorized Transport Network Vehicle Services, bus operators, and taxis. 

In March 2018, the Task Force Kamao, an inter-agency initiative, was launched to intensify anti-colorum operations. 

Led by the Transportation Undersecretary and the LTFRB chairman, this campaign focuses on enhancing intelligence presence in communities for more effective enforcement. 

The public is encouraged to participate by reporting colorum vehicles through the Inter-Agency Council for Traffic Facebook page.

Public Utility Drivers’ Academy Program: Empowering Drivers with Knowledge

The Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) initiated the Public Utility Drivers Academy Program, a free seminar designed to equip drivers with essential knowledge on road safety, driving courtesy, and traffic regulations. 

Developed in collaboration with the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, Land Transportation Office (LTO), University of the Philippines, and De La Salle University, the program consists of four core modules covering anger management, road courtesy, traffic rules, and the terms and conditions of a franchise.

Regulation of TNVS: Shaping the Ride-Sharing Landscape

In October 2014, the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board launched a sting operation against Uber for operating without a franchise.

Responding to the potential of Uber as a service, the Department of Transportation (DOTr) urged the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board to engage in discussions with Uber executives a few days later. 

By May 2015, the Philippines became the first country to regulate ride-sharing services.

The regulation of fares for Transportation Network Vehicle Services (TNVS) was delegated to the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board by the DOTr. 

This included full supervision and regulation of TNVS, encompassing franchise application and approval/denial, fare setting, route determination, operating conditions, and the imposition of fines, suspension, and cancellation of franchises. 

Uber and Grab received accreditation as TNCS (Transport Network Companies) in July and August 2015, respectively. 

The responsibility of screening and accrediting drivers and issuing permits to TNVS drivers lies with the TNCs and the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, respectively.

In July 2016, the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board suspended the acceptance and processing of TNVS applications from Uber and Grab, citing a surge in applications and a need to review the fare scheme. 

A year later, the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board ordered the deactivation of drivers registered after June 30, 2017, and the submission of a masterlist of all drivers. 

Despite fines imposed on both Uber and Grab for non-compliance, the companies faced challenges in ensuring all drivers had the required documents.

As of July 2018, accredited TNCs include Grab, Hirna Mobility Solutions, Hype Transport Systems, Go Lag Incorporated, Micab Systems Corporation, and iPARA Technologies and Solutions, Inc (owner of Owto).

PUV Modernization: Transforming Public Transportation

In June 2017, the Department of Transportation (DOTr) introduced the Public Utility Vehicle Modernization Program (PUVMP) through Department Order No. 2017-011, outlining comprehensive guidelines for the planning, identification, and insurance of public road transportation services. 

A flagship initiative under President Rodrigo Duterte’s administration, the PUVMP aims to reshape, modernize, and establish a well-managed and environmentally sustainable transport sector. 

The overarching goal is to provide drivers and operators with stable livelihoods while ensuring commuters experience swift, safe, and comfortable journeys.

The core policy directs the DOTr to reduce reliance on private vehicles, shifting towards promoting environmentally friendly mobility solutions and high-quality transportation systems. 

Emphasizing the movement of people and goods over vehicles, the program mandates the dissemination, administration, and oversight of public land transportation policies, laws, and regulations by the DOTr. 

The Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) is tasked with implementing this Department Order, supporting and reinforcing operators to establish a larger and coordinated fleet of Public Utility Vehicles (PUVs). 

The Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board also holds the authority to incentivize or prioritize operators with larger PUV fleets and higher passenger capacity.

To mitigate the impact on small operators affected by the PUVMP, a special loan program in collaboration with Land Bank and the Development Bank of the Philippines (DBP) is under consideration. 

The program also encompasses various training and social initiatives to support affected operators.

The DOTr, Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, Land Transportation Office (LTO), Office of Transportation Cooperatives (OTC), and other concerned agencies will conduct a pilot implementation to review and assess the program’s efficacy and effects. 

Considered revolutionary in the realm of road-based public land transportation, the PUVMP is expected to enhance the riding experience for generations of Filipino passengers.

Proposed Land Transport Authority (LTA): Streamlining Transport Regulation

House Bill No. 6776, known as the Land Transport Act of 2017, seeks to merge two pivotal transport regulatory bodies, the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) and the Land Transportation Office (LTO), into a singular agency—the Land Transport Authority.

While the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, established through E.O. 202, focuses on regulating public transport vehicles, the LTO, created through E.O. 125 and 226, deals with licensing drivers and registering motor vehicles.

Championed by House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez and co-authored by prominent figures such as Cesar V. Sarmiento, Juan Pablo P. Bondoc, Bayani F. Fernando, Anna Katrina M. Enverga, Renato Unico, Winston Castelo, Emi Calixto Rubiano, and Alfred D. Vargas, the proposal aims to create a centralized agency. 

This consolidation aims to eliminate confusion regarding which agency is responsible for maintaining law and order in the land transportation sector of the Philippines.

The LTA proposal also addresses the necessity for a more comprehensive transportation policy, considering the varied and complex aspects of the land transportation industry. 

The explanatory notes emphasize that certain existing policies are inadequate, ineffective, and obsolete.

The proposed LTA would have a board of directors with the following composition:

1. Chairman with the same rank, salary, and privileges as an Undersecretary.

2. One board member who is a lawyer with at least five years of practice in the country.

3. One member with a degree in Public Transportation Planning.

4. One member with a degree in engineering.

5. One member with a degree in management.

Mission:

“Ensure that the commuting public has adequate, safe, convenient, environment-friendly and dependable public land transportation services at reasonable rates through the implementation of land-based transportation policies, programs, and projects responsive to an investment-led and demand-driven industry.”

Vision:

“World-class land transportation services contributing to the over-all development of the country, improvement of the socio-economic status of its stakeholders, and promotion of the welfare of the general public.”

Mandate:

Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board

“To promulgate, administer, enforce, and monitor compliance of policies, laws, and regulations of public land transportation services.”

Functional Chart:

LTFRB
What is LTFRB? A Comprehensive Overview to the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board 5

Contact Details:

If you have concerns or issues related to Public Utility Vehicles (PUVs), you can reach out to them using the following contact details for prompt assistance:

Email: COMPLAINTS@LTFRB.GOV.PH

Hotine: 1342

For your convenience, you may also utilize their online form integrated with the website. Click here to access the form.

LTFRB CENTRAL OFFICE TRUNKLINE: 8529-7111

OfficeContact details
Atty. Teofilo E. Guadiz III, CESO VChairpersonPhone No.: 8529-7111 loc. 804, 802Email address: ochm@ltfrb.gov.ph
Atty. Mercy Jane Paras-Leynes, LL.M.Board MemberPhone No. 8529-7111 loc. 840, 836Email address: obmm@ltfrb.gov.ph
Engr. Riza Marie T. Paches, MNSABoard MemberPhone No.: 8529-7111 loc. 839Email address: obmr@ltfrb.gov.ph
Atty. Robert D. Peig, CESO VOffice of the Executive DirectorPhone No. 8529-7111 loc. 831Email address: oed@ltfrb.gov.ph
Information Systems Management DivisionPhone No.: 8529-7111 loc. 822, 823, 824, 843Email address: ismd@ltfrb.gov.ph
Technical DivisionPhone No.: 8529-7111 loc. 817, 818, 819, 829Email address: technical@ltfrb.gov.ph
Administrative DivisionPhone No.: 8529-7111 loc. 825, 826Email address: admin@ltfrb.gov.ph
Legal DivisionPhone No.: 8529-7111 loc. 842Email address: legal@ltfrb.gov.ph
Franchise Planning and Monitoring DivisionPhone No. 8529-7111 loc. 815Email address: fpmd@ltfrb.gov.ph
Financial Management DivisionPhone No.: 8529-7111 loc. 828, 827Email address: finance@ltfrb.gov.ph
COAPhone No. 8529-7111 loc. 834Phone No. 8529-7130Phone No. 8529-7131
CashierPhone No. 8529-7111 loc. 820Email address: cashier@ltfrb.gov.ph
Docket SectionPhone No. 8529-7111 loc. 841Email address: docket@ltfrb.gov.ph
Public Assistance and Complaints DeskPhone No. 8529-7111 loc. 812, 813, 814, 821Email adress: pacd@ltfrb.gov.ph
ProcurementPhone No. 8529-7111 loc.832Email address: procurement@ltfrb.gov.ph

LTFRB REGIONAL FRANCHISING REGULATORY OFFICES

Regional OfficeContact details
LTFRB National Capital Region (NCR)B61 L8 Regalado Ave., Brgy. North Fairview, Quezon City 1121Phone No. 8926-6346Admin/Finance: 8925-7367Records: 8929-6789PUVMP: 0906-463-7034Email address: ncr@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region IGovernment Center, Brgy. Sevilla, San Fernando City, La Union 2500Phone No. (072) 682-9584Phone No. (072) 888-4356Email address: r1@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region IIRegional Government Center, Carig Sur, Tuguegarao City, Cagayan 3500Mobile No. 0997-097-0963Phone No. (078) 304-3090Records Section: (078) 395-0268Email address: r2@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region IIIDiosdado Macapagal Government Center, Matulungin Street, Brgy. Maimpis, City of San Fernando Pampanga 2000Phone No. (045) 455-0550Mobile No. 0998-866-1860Email address: r3@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region IV-ALTFRB Bldg., Purok 1-D, Brgy. Maraouy, Lipa City, Batangas 4217Phone No. (043) 741-7754Records Section: (043) 740-0198Technical: (043) 740-0211Email address: r4@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region IV-BAcob Building, Brgy. Lalud, Calapan City, Oriental MindoroPhone No. (043) 288-6918Mobile No. 0917-6724093Email address: 4b@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region VRegional Center, Rawis, Legazpi City 4500Phone No. (052) 482-1515Admin: (052) 742-2582Legal: (052) 742-8760Technical: (052) 742-6800Email address: r5@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region VIQuintin Salas, Jaro, Iloilo 5000Phone No. 329-4385Email address: r6@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region VII103 Gen. Echavez St., Lorega, San Miguel, Cebu City 6000Mobile No. 0917-704-6862Email address: r7@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region VIIICampetic Road, Brgy. Pawing, Palo, Leyte 6501Phone No. (053) 861-4416Email address: r8@ltfrb.gov.phEmail address: ltfrb08@gmail.comEmail address: legalltfrb08@gmail.com
LTFRB Region IX2nd Floor, QNS Bldg., Veterans Ext., Zamboanga City 7000
Taguma., Pagadian City 7016
Zamboanga Phone No. (062) 955-4009Pagadian Phone No. (062) 945-1974Email address: r9@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region XApovel, Bulua, Cagayan de Oro City 9000Phone No. (088) 857-5637Phone No. (088) 880-1455Phone No. (088) 859-3188Email address: r10@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region XILibby Road, Bago Gallera, Davao City 8000Phone No. (082) 296-9646Admin/Finance: (082) 296-7867Technical/Records/PACD: (082) 296-7866Email address: r11@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB Region XII2nd Floor, Jesara Bldg. Crossing Bo.2, Gensan Drive, Koronadal City, South CotabatoPhone No. (083) 887-6418Email address: r12@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB CaragaDOTr Caraga Annex Building, Brgy. Ampayon, Butuan CityPhone No. (085) 817-3860Phone No. (085) 815-3374Email address: caraga@ltfrb.gov.ph
LTFRB CordilleraLTO/LTFRB compound Pacdal Circle, Baguio CityPhone No. (074) 619-9745Email address: car@ltfrb.gov.ph

Conclusion:

In summary, the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) emerges as a vital government agency in the Philippines, actively influencing and overseeing the nation’s land transportation system since its establishment in 1987. 

Throughout its history, the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board has been committed to ensuring the efficiency, safety, and reliability of various land transport services.

As we’ve explored the agency’s functions, organizational structure, and initiatives, it is evident that the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board plays a significant role in shaping and regulating the country’s transportation landscape. 

From regulating fare rates to driving initiatives like the PUV Modernization Program, the agency remains dedicated to positive transformations in the field.

For those seeking promising career opportunities, the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board is the place to explore! Discover a diverse range of positions within this dynamic agency. 

learn how you can contribute your skills and enthusiasm to the important mission of shaping the future of land transportation in the Philippines. 

The agency welcomes individuals ready to make a meaningful impact on the nation’s transport sector. 

Join the LTFRB in creating positive change!

Disclaimer:

The Philippine Go does not collect fees and is not a hiring agency, nor is it related to any hiring agency for employment abroad. 

All information contained here is solely for informational purposes and rightfully belongs to its rightful owner. 

Attached in the last section of the content are references for further verification, if needed. Read more

Reference:

1. Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board. (n.d.). Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board – Wikipedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_Transportation_Franchising_and_Regulatory_Board](

2. Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board. (n.d.). About: Background. Retrieved from [https://ltfrb.gov.ph/about/background/]

3. Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board. (n.d.). Organizational Chart. Retrieved from [https://ltfrb.gov.ph/organizational-chart/]

4. Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board. (n.d.). Functional Chart. Retrieved from [https://ltfrb.gov.ph/functional-chart/]

5. Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board. (n.d.). Contact Directory. Retrieved from [https://ltfrb.gov.ph/contact-directory/]