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Philippine Army Salary Grade 2023

The Philippine Army (PA) (Tagalog: Hukbong Katihan ng Pilipinas; in literal English: Army of the Ground of the Philippines; in literal Spanish: Ejército de la Tierra de la Filipinas) is the main, oldest and largest branch of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP).

The Philippine Army (PA) is located at Fort Andres Bonifacio, Taguig City Metro Manila. With 11 divisions and special units scattered in the islands of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao; the PA is responsible for defending the country through land combat and operations. The mission of the Philippine Army is to “organize, train, equip, deploy and sustain ground forces in the conduct of support to operations to “win the peace” in order to help the Filipino nation create an environment conducive for sustainable development and just and lasting peace”.

For 122 years, the Philippine Army served as the protector of the Filipinos and a key player of nation building. Today, the Philippine Army continues to innovate its forces and victor against all battles and threats to serve the people and secure the land.

Philippine Army Ranks

These are the ranks within the Philippine Army, divided into two groups: officers and enlisted personnel.

Officers
  • General
  • Lieutenant general
  • Major general
  • Brigadier general
  • Colonel
  • Lieutenant colonel
  • Major
  • Captain
  • 1st lieutenant
  • 2nd lieutenant
Enlisted Personnel
  • Chief master sergeant
  • Senior master sergeant
  • Master sergeant
  • Technical sergeant
  • Staff sergeant
  • Sergeant
  • Corporal
  • Private first class
  • Private

Philippine Army Benefits

The Philippine Army offers members competitive pay and benefits, chances to pursue post-graduate studies both domestically and abroad, insurance and healthcare benefits, billeting and housing privileges, job security, training in leadership and other skills, the chance to serve as Army commander, and chances for career advancement.

Philippine Army Salary Grade 2023

Officers
POSITIONSALARY
General Php 149,785
Lieutenant generalPhp 125,574
Major generalPhp 102,896
Brigadier generalPhp 91,058
Colonel Php 80,583
Lieutenant colonelPhp 71,313
Major Php 62,555
Captain Php 56,582
1st lieutenantPhp 49,528
2nd lieutenantPhp 43,829
Enlisted Personnel
POSITIONSALARY
Chief master sergeantPhp 34,761
Senior master sergeantPhp 34,079
Master sergeantPhp 33,411
Technical sergeantPhp 32,756
Staff sergeantPhp 32,114
Sergeant Php 31,484
Corporal Php 30,867
Private first classPhp 30,261
Private Php 29,668

As you can see, a soldier’s monthly salary in the Philippines can range from Php 30,000 to Php 150,000 if you become a general. The salary of a lieutenant can range from Php 43,800 to Php 49,500.

A master sergeant earns Php 33,411 per month, a staff sergeant earns Php 32,114 per month, and a private earns Php 29,668 per month.

In addition, the salary grade of other military personnel in the Philippines are as follows: A candidate soldier can receive Php 33,327 in monthly gross payments, a private (enlisted personnel) can receive Php 37,038 in monthly gross payments, an officer candidate can receive Php 41,696 in monthly gross payments, and a 2Lt (call to active duty) can receive Php 49,906.

How to join the Philippine Army

Philippine Military Academy

The Philippine Military Academy (PMA), located in Baguio City, is the country’s premier military school for those aspiring to be commissioned officers of the AFP.

In order to be a PMA cadet, you must have these qualifications:

  • Natural-born Filipino citizen
  • Physically fit and of good moral character
  • Single and has never been married
  • Must pass the PMA entrance examination
  • With no administrative or criminal case
  • At least a high school graduate or must graduate no later than June of the year following the exam date for Grade 12 students
  • Height requirement of 5’ for both men and women, not exceeding 6’4”
  • At least 17 years old but not older than 21 on June 1 of the year following the exam date

The documents required for a PMA application are as follows:

  • High school form 137 or form 138
  • Online application form or mail-in application form
Officer Candidate Course (OCC)

To apply for a slot in the OCC, you must have the following qualifications:

  • A baccalaureate degree
  • Natural-born Filipino citizen of good moral character
  • 21 to 25 years old upon admission
  • Single and never been married, has never had a child
  • Physically, mentally and psychologically fit for active service
  • AFPSAT raw score of 71 or higher
  • Must pass the Army Qualifying Exam and Special Written Exam
  • Must pass the physical exam and fitness test
Officer Preparatory Course (OPC)

Officer candidates who are applying for a slot in the Officer Preparatory Course (OPC) must have the following qualifications:

  • Commissioned in the Reserve Force as a second lieutenant
  • Has a baccalaureate degree
  • Must not be over 31 years old at the time of Call to Active Duty
  • Physically, mentally and psychologically fit for active service
  • Height limit of 5’ to 6’4” for both men and women
  • AFPSAT raw test score of 71 or higher
  • Must have passed the Army Qualifying Exam and Special Written Exam
  • Must pass the physical medical exam and fitness test

On the other hand, these are the qualifications for becoming a Philippine Army enlisted personnel/noncommissioned officer:

  • Natural-born Filipino citizen of good moral character
  • At least 18 to 23 years old before the appointment as candidate soldier
  • At least 60 or 72 inches in height
  • Single and with no child
  • AFPSAT score of at least 45
  • Must have passed the pre-qualifying physical medical test and fitness test
  • Physically and mentally fit for training

Conclusion

Being a member of the Philippine Army is both rewarding and difficult. They have the honor of serving their country and defending their fellow Filipinos from both inside and outside threats.

As members of the uniformed services, they are entitled to competitive pay and benefits. The Army provides medical and dental services, insurance, housing benefits, and a pension upon retirement.

History

Battles before Colonization
The beginnings of the Filipino land forces dates back before the Spanish and American colonial period. In that time, clans and barangays from different regions form their own armed groups primarily composed of hunters and land fighters. They served as defenders of the tribes or as warriors sent on strike missions against other barangays. On occasions, some clan forces would form alliances to attack more powerful opponents. Conventional weaponry during the pre‐colonial era includes Kris and Kampilan, Blowguns, and Lantaka. War-fare instruments of the Filipino forces continued to develop over time.


The Forces’ First Test (1521)
On April 27, 1521, the Filipino land forces were put to test. The Spaniards’ arrival in the 16th century in Mactan, Cebu ignited the Battle of Mactan as Lapu-Lapu defied to render loyalty to Magellan. The incident demonstrated the combined might of Filipino land forces complemented by early naval elements. Lapu-Lapu’s force was not “formally organized” as a Filipino Army during that time but the present‐day Philippine Army traces its beginnings to this brave and proud force of warriors of the Philippine Islands.


The Fight for Freedom (1892-1898)
The three century rule of the Spaniards led the Filipino warriors to form resistance movements to fight for their freedom. The Filipino people were clamoring for reforms and an end to the foreign rule because of the growing restiveness in the colony. On July 7, 1892, Andres Bonifacio founded the Samahang Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan, or simply “Katipunan” to muster freedom loving Filipinos for armed revolt. The Katipunan formed the nucleus of the Revolutionary Philippine Army.

Almost a year after the outbreak of war between the members of the Katipunan and the Spanish troops, another freedom fighter from a prominent clan ‒ Emilio Aguinaldo ‒ was elected President of the Philippine Revolutionary Government at the Tejeros Convention on March 22, 1897 in Tejeros, San Francisco de Malabon in Cavite. Artemio Ricarte, a Katipunan leader of numerous Filipino battles against Spain was also elected as Captain General of the Ejercito en la Republica de las Islas Filipinas or the Army of the Philippine Republic.

After years of fighting for freedom, of On June 12, 1898, the Filipino people achieved their awaited freedom as General Emilio Aguinaldo declared the Philippine’s Independence from Spain.


Philippine Army’s Rebirth (1898-1935)
The Filipino troops were to enjoy only a brief sense of victory and respite from combat when American forces came in to establish rule in the islands by virtue of the Treaty of Paris, which Spain co-signed with America on December 10, 1898. The treaty ceded the Philippines to the United States.

The Filipino-American War erupted on February 4, 1899. Due to the superiority of American arms, the Filipinos fell from one position to another until they were forced to disband. Even after the official cessation of hostilities and as the Americans have established government in 1901, the Filipino revolutionaries continued their struggle for freedom.

Aguinaldo was captured by American forces on March 23, 1901. The surrender of one of the most prominent leaders of the Philippine Revolution, General Miguel Malvar, on April 16, 1902 marked the official end of the “Philippine insurrection.” When the Philippines was established as a Commonwealth Republic of the United States of America on 15 November 1935, its President, Manuel Luis Quezon signed Commonwealth Act No.1, popularly known as the National Defense Act, which paved way for the birth of the new Philippine Army.

In World War II (1941-1945)
The onset of World War II in 1941 tested the might of the Commonwealth Philippine Army. Its two regular and ten reserve divisions undertook the defense of the Philippines. These divisions were incorporated into the United States Armed Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) under the command of General Douglas McArthur. Four military areas were activated after the war. The National Defense Forces organized under the National Defense Act was reorganized into the Armed Forces of the Philippines along which came the birth of four major services.

The post‐WWII Philippine Army was to be seen fulfilling the Philippine government’s commitment as a member of the United Nations to help bring peace in war‐ torn neighbor states. The Philippine Army spared five battalions which formed the Philippine Expeditionary Forces to Korea (PEFTOK) to carry out the campaign for democracy. The Philippine Civic Action Group to Vietnam (PhilCAGV) was sent to South Vietnam on a mission of peace, where army engineers helped build communities and army doctors and nurses provided medical services to the people.


Building the Headquarters; Expanding Horizons (1957- Early 70’s)
On July 10, 1957, the Philippine Army established its headquarters under the leadership of Brigadier General Leoncio S. Tan. The onset of the sixties ushered an expansion of the army's roles, which include participation in the socio-economic programs of the country, among others. To achieve greater flexibility and effectiveness, infantry divisions took the place of the military areas in the seventies.


The Army as a Nation Builder (1972-1986)
On September 21, 1972, the Martial Law era began. During the decade, military operations supported by civic action blocked the escalation of insurgency. The 1980s saw the Philippine Army in increasing peace and development roles and in a period of transition after the EDSA‐People Power Revolution, which spurred various initiatives toward transformation and reforms in internal security operations. The Philippine Army became more cognizant of its role not only as protector of the Filipino people, but also a partner in nation building.


Continued Sacrifice, Bravery and Patriotism (2000s)
On September 9, 2013, the Philippine Army prevented members of the Moro National Liberation Front to take over Zamboanga City which led to three-week fight. Twenty five government soldiers made the ultimate sacrifice in order to save innocent civilians and regain peace in the city.

On May 2017 to October 2017, a five-month long siege brought casualties and displaced individuals from their homes in Marawi, Lanao del Sur. The Battle of Marawi was one of the largest and longest urban warfare of the Philippine Army. One hundred sixty five government forces lost their lives to liberate the city from conflict. The Philippine Army continue play an important role in rebuilding the city.

The Philippine Army Today
Today, the Philippine Army supports the government’s whole-of-nation approach against insurgency led by the National Task Force to End the Local Communist Armed Conflict. The Army provides efficient instrument and structure for the employment of the whole-of-nation approach and also assists in the implementation of the Enhanced Comprehensive Local Integration Program offered to former rebels. These efforts complement the Army’s sustained anti-terrorism operations on the ground.

Moreover, the Philippine Army’s mandate led to a breakthrough with the framing of the Army Transformation Roadmap 2028, which was implemented in 2010. Capability upgrades, modernization initiatives, and campaigns for good governance and performance excellence in the transformation program ushered the Philippine Army to welcome paradigm shifts and optimistic milestones, which continue to fire up the enthusiasm of members of the force to fulfil the Army’s purpose to serve the nation and secure our people and territory. With continuing and steady successes in its strategic initiatives and base camps, the Philippine Army is confident that it will realize its 2028 vision to be a world class Army that is a source of national pride.

Source: DIGIDO Philippines

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