Penology is crucial for keeping correctional facilities safe and orderly.

To become a penology officer and advance in this field, passing the Penology Officer Exam (POE) is essential for your career progress.

This comprehensive guide will provide you with all the necessary information about the POE, including its schedule, requirements, and tips for success.

Explore now and keep reading to learn more about it!

Penology Officer Exam Schedule

The POE is typically held annually, with the exact dates and registration periods varying yearly.

As of the latest information available, the POE 2024 is scheduled for June 02, 2024.

with limited acceptance of applications for the period 16-27 December 2023 to be managed by the CSC Regional/Field Offices to give way to the preparation and submission of year-end reports, project/program evaluation reports, and other year-end official activities.

Official Announcement

Here is the PDF of the Official Announcement of the Civil Service Commission (CSC) about the conduct of the Penology Officer Examination (POE) for CY 2024:

Who can take the POE?

Here are the specific qualifications for the Penology Officer Exam as posted by CSC (extracted from the POE 2018 guidelines). All applicants must strictly meet these qualifications to qualify.

  • Must be a Filipino citizen;
  • Must be 21 to 35 years old at the date/time of filing of application;
  • Must be of good moral character;
  • Must be mentally and physically fit;
  • Must have not been convicted by final judgment of an offense or crime involving moral turpitude, disgraceful or immoral conduct, dishonesty, examination irregularity, drunkenness, or addiction to drugs;
  • Must have not been dishonorably discharged from military service or dismissed for cause from any civilian positions in the government; 
  • Must possess a baccalaureate degree from a recognized institution of learning;

Candidates who pass the exam will receive the Penology Officer Eligibility, a second-level qualification.

This allows them to qualify for second-level positions in jail management and penology services.

Board of Bar passers automatically receive this second-level eligibility under RA 1080.

Additionally, Civil Service Examination-Professional passers and Honor Graduate Eligibility holders under P.D. 907 are not required to take the exam.

POE Requirements

Here are the following requirements for the Penology Officer Exam (POE):

  1. Application Form: Fully accomplished Application Form (CS Form No. 100, Revised September 2016).
    Note: The “Signature” and the “Right Thumb mark,” as per CSC, shall be left blank as this will be accomplished in the presence of a CSC representative/ processor. 
  1. ID Pictures: Four (4) pieces of ID photos printed in good quality photo paper, Passport size, colored with white background, with a handwritten name tag showing the signature over printed full name format. In the photo studio, tell them that the photo will be used for the Civil Service application; they already know the specifications. Meanwhile, here are the detailed specifications:
    • Taken within the last three (3) months before the filing of the application
    • Philippine passport picture size (4.5 cm x 3.5 cm or 1.78” x 1.38”)
    • Colored, with a white background and printed on good quality photo paper
    • Must be in a standard close-up shot (from shoulder level up with the head and face occupying at least 80% of the picture and with the name tag positioned at approximately 1 inch or 2.54 cm. below the chin)
    • Must be in the bare face (with no eyeglasses, colored contact lens, or any accessories that may cover the facial features (facial features not computer enhanced)
    • Must show the left and right ears
    • Must be taken in full-face view, directly facing the camera, with neutral facial expression and both eyes open
    • Must have handwritten (not computer-generated) name tag legibly showing signature over printed full name in the format: First Name, Middle Initial, Last Name, and Extension Name, if any
  2. Identity document (ID): Original and photocopy of any of the following ID Cards, preferably valid. All other IDs not included in the below list shall not be accepted.
    • Driver’s license/ Temporary Driver’s license/ Student Driver’s Permit;
    • Passport;
    • PRC License ID;
    • SSS ID;
    • GSIS ID;
    • Voter’s ID;
    • BIR/Taxpayer’s ID;
    • Philhealth ID
    • Postal ID;
    • Current company ID;
    • Current School ID;
    • Police Clearance/Police Clearance Certificate;
    • Barangay ID;
    • NBI Clearance;
    • Seaman’s Book;
    • HDMF Transaction ID;
    • PWD ID;
    • Solo Parent ID;
    • Senior Citizen ID;
    • Alien Certificate of Registration Identity Card (ACR I-CARD);
    • CSC Eligibility Card
  3. Examination Fee: 700 pesos

The following eligibilities may opt not to take the exam:

Those with the following eligibility may choose not to take the exam and apply directly as Jail Officer I.

  • Board and Bar Passer
  • Passers of Civil Service Examination (Professional) and Foreign Service Officer (CSE-FSO).

Grantees of eligibilities under special laws and issuances:

  • Honor Graduate Eligibility (P.D. 907)
  • Scientific and Technological Specialist Eligibility (P.D 997)
  • Sanggunian Member Eligibility Second-level (R.A No. 10156)

POE Exam Coverage

The June 2024 Penology Officer Exams covered the following topics:

  • General Ability (50%): Verbal, Analytical and Numerical
  • Specialized Area (50%)
  • Jail Management Concepts & Applications (15%)
    • Commitment and Classifications of Inmates/Prisoners/Detainees
    • Courts & other Entities Authorized to Commit a Person to Jail
    • Categories of Inmates
    • Classification of Prisoners
    • Classification of Detainees
    • Inmates Security Classification
    • Requirements for Commitment
  • The United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (Nelson Mandela Rules) and Custodial Concepts (45%)
  • The Nelson Mandela Rules (30%)
    • Guiding Principles of the Nelson Mandela Rules
    • Respect for the Inherent Dignity of Persons Deprived of Liberty
    • Medical and Health Services
    • Disciplinary Measures and Sanctions
    • Investigations of Deaths and Torture in Custody
    • Protection of Vulnerable Groups
    • Access to Legal Representation
    • Complaints and Independent Inspection
    • Training of Staff
  • Rights and Privileges of Persons Deprived of Liberty (PDL) (10%)
    • Rights and Privileges of PDL
    • BJMP Welfare and Development Programs
    • Therapeutic Community Modality Program
    • Modes and Guidelines of Release of PDL
    • Paralegal Services
  • Bill of Rights, Article III of the Constitution & Republic Act 9745 or the Anti-Torture Act of 2009 (5%)
  • Special Laws and Other Related Laws (40%)
    • Salient Features of R.A. 6713 (Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees)
    • Salient Features of R.A. 9263 (An Act Providing Professionalization of the BFP and BJMP, Amending Certain Provision of R.A. 6975)
    • Salient Features of R.A. 9729 (Climate Change Act of 2009)

Other Information

You can see the other information about the Penology Officer Examination (POE) here in the table below.

*Examinee Descriptive Questionnaire about personal data of examinees*

POE Passing Grade

Candidates who learned how to acquire an overall rating of 80.00% will finish the test.

The person will be given the Penology Officer Eligibility identical to the Civil Service Commission Second-Level Eligibility.

To join the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology as a Jail Officer, you must have the Penology Officer Eligibility.

Preparations for the POE

To increase your chances of success in the Penology Officer Exam (POE), thorough preparation is essential.

To prepare for the Penology Officer Exam, follow these simplified steps:

  1. Get the Exam Syllabus: Understand what topics you need to study by getting the official syllabus.
  2. Use Study Materials: Find textbooks, online resources, and past papers to learn about penology.
  3. Plan Your Study Time: Make a regular study schedule and cover all topics.
  4. Take Practice Tests: Use these to get familiar with the exam format and identify weak areas.
  5. Get Help from Experts: Join review courses or study groups for guidance and support.
  6. Keep Up with Current Affairs: Read the latest corrections to enhance your knowledge.
  7. Practice Time Management: Learn to answer questions quickly and accurately.
  8. Learn the Rules: Study up-to-date laws and corrections policies. Knowing these well will help both in your exam and career.
  9. Discuss with Peers: Discussing topics with others can help clarify difficult concepts.
  10. Keep Your Spirits Up: Set small goals and reward yourself to stay motivated throughout your preparation. Remember, your ultimate goal is to keep pushing forward.


In conclusion, passing the Penology Officer Exam (POE) is essential to pursue a career as a Penology Officer.

The exam is held once a year, and applicants must meet specific criteria, such as being a Filipino citizen aged 21 to 35 with a bachelor’s degree and good moral character.

The application process involves submitting a form and ID photos and meeting document requirements.

Passing the POE grants eligibility for second-level positions in jail management and penology, marking a significant step in one’s career advancement.

Preparation and understanding of the exam’s scope are crucial to success.


  1. Sebastian, A. A. (2022, October 20). Examination Advisory No. 17, s. 2022 – Penology Officer Examination (POE).
  2. Sebastian, A. A. (2023, October 12). Examination Announcement No. 04 s. 2023 – CSE PPT Exam Calendar CY 2024.
  3. ExamAnnouncement02s2024_Conduct of POE for CY 2024. pdf. (n.d.). Google Docs. Retrieved April 7, 2024, from
  4. PH, B. E. (2024, March 3). 2024 Penology Officer Exam (POE): Requirements and Application. Board Exams PH.
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